2020-05-01 14:50:25

by Mauro Carvalho Chehab

[permalink] [raw]
Subject: [PATCH 30/37] docs: networking: device drivers: convert sb1000.txt to ReST

- add SPDX header;
- add a document title;
- adjust titles and chapters, adding proper markups;
- mark code blocks and literals as such;
- mark lists as such;
- adjust identation, whitespaces and blank lines where needed;
- add to networking/index.rst.

Signed-off-by: Mauro Carvalho Chehab <[email protected]>
---
.../networking/device_drivers/index.rst | 1 +
.../networking/device_drivers/sb1000.rst | 222 ++++++++++++++++++
.../networking/device_drivers/sb1000.txt | 207 ----------------
drivers/net/Kconfig | 2 +-
4 files changed, 224 insertions(+), 208 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 Documentation/networking/device_drivers/sb1000.rst
delete mode 100644 Documentation/networking/device_drivers/sb1000.txt

diff --git a/Documentation/networking/device_drivers/index.rst b/Documentation/networking/device_drivers/index.rst
index 66ed884548cc..77270d59943b 100644
--- a/Documentation/networking/device_drivers/index.rst
+++ b/Documentation/networking/device_drivers/index.rst
@@ -45,6 +45,7 @@ Contents:
neterion/s2io
neterion/vxge
qualcomm/rmnet
+ sb1000

.. only:: subproject and html

diff --git a/Documentation/networking/device_drivers/sb1000.rst b/Documentation/networking/device_drivers/sb1000.rst
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..c8582ca4034d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/networking/device_drivers/sb1000.rst
@@ -0,0 +1,222 @@
+.. SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+
+===================
+SB100 device driver
+===================
+
+sb1000 is a module network device driver for the General Instrument (also known
+as NextLevel) SURFboard1000 internal cable modem board. This is an ISA card
+which is used by a number of cable TV companies to provide cable modem access.
+It's a one-way downstream-only cable modem, meaning that your upstream net link
+is provided by your regular phone modem.
+
+This driver was written by Franco Venturi <[email protected]>. He deserves
+a great deal of thanks for this wonderful piece of code!
+
+Needed tools
+============
+
+Support for this device is now a part of the standard Linux kernel. The
+driver source code file is drivers/net/sb1000.c. In addition to this
+you will need:
+
+1. The "cmconfig" program. This is a utility which supplements "ifconfig"
+ to configure the cable modem and network interface (usually called "cm0");
+
+2. Several PPP scripts which live in /etc/ppp to make connecting via your
+ cable modem easy.
+
+ These utilities can be obtained from:
+
+ http://www.jacksonville.net/~fventuri/
+
+ in Franco's original source code distribution .tar.gz file. Support for
+ the sb1000 driver can be found at:
+
+ - http://web.archive.org/web/%2E/http://home.adelphia.net/~siglercm/sb1000.html
+ - http://web.archive.org/web/%2E/http://linuxpower.cx/~cable/
+
+ along with these utilities.
+
+3. The standard isapnp tools. These are necessary to configure your SB1000
+ card at boot time (or afterwards by hand) since it's a PnP card.
+
+ If you don't have these installed as a standard part of your Linux
+ distribution, you can find them at:
+
+ http://www.roestock.demon.co.uk/isapnptools/
+
+ or check your Linux distribution binary CD or their web site. For help with
+ isapnp, pnpdump, or /etc/isapnp.conf, go to:
+
+ http://www.roestock.demon.co.uk/isapnptools/isapnpfaq.html
+
+Using the driver
+================
+
+To make the SB1000 card work, follow these steps:
+
+1. Run ``make config``, or ``make menuconfig``, or ``make xconfig``, whichever
+ you prefer, in the top kernel tree directory to set up your kernel
+ configuration. Make sure to say "Y" to "Prompt for development drivers"
+ and to say "M" to the sb1000 driver. Also say "Y" or "M" to all the standard
+ networking questions to get TCP/IP and PPP networking support.
+
+2. **BEFORE** you build the kernel, edit drivers/net/sb1000.c. Make sure
+ to redefine the value of READ_DATA_PORT to match the I/O address used
+ by isapnp to access your PnP cards. This is the value of READPORT in
+ /etc/isapnp.conf or given by the output of pnpdump.
+
+3. Build and install the kernel and modules as usual.
+
+4. Boot your new kernel following the usual procedures.
+
+5. Set up to configure the new SB1000 PnP card by capturing the output
+ of "pnpdump" to a file and editing this file to set the correct I/O ports,
+ IRQ, and DMA settings for all your PnP cards. Make sure none of the settings
+ conflict with one another. Then test this configuration by running the
+ "isapnp" command with your new config file as the input. Check for
+ errors and fix as necessary. (As an aside, I use I/O ports 0x110 and
+ 0x310 and IRQ 11 for my SB1000 card and these work well for me. YMMV.)
+ Then save the finished config file as /etc/isapnp.conf for proper
+ configuration on subsequent reboots.
+
+6. Download the original file sb1000-1.1.2.tar.gz from Franco's site or one of
+ the others referenced above. As root, unpack it into a temporary directory
+ and do a ``make cmconfig`` and then ``install -c cmconfig /usr/local/sbin``.
+ Don't do ``make install`` because it expects to find all the utilities built
+ and ready for installation, not just cmconfig.
+
+7. As root, copy all the files under the ppp/ subdirectory in Franco's
+ tar file into /etc/ppp, being careful not to overwrite any files that are
+ already in there. Then modify [email protected] to set the correct login name,
+ phone number, and frequency for the cable modem. Also edit pap-secrets
+ to specify your login name and password and any site-specific information
+ you need.
+
+8. Be sure to modify /etc/ppp/firewall to use ipchains instead of
+ the older ipfwadm commands from the 2.0.x kernels. There's a neat utility to
+ convert ipfwadm commands to ipchains commands:
+
+ http://users.dhp.com/~whisper/ipfwadm2ipchains/
+
+ You may also wish to modify the firewall script to implement a different
+ firewalling scheme.
+
+9. Start the PPP connection via the script /etc/ppp/[email protected] You must be
+ root to do this. It's better to use a utility like sudo to execute
+ frequently used commands like this with root permissions if possible. If you
+ connect successfully the cable modem interface will come up and you'll see a
+ driver message like this at the console::
+
+ cm0: sb1000 at (0x110,0x310), csn 1, S/N 0x2a0d16d8, IRQ 11.
+ sb1000.c:v1.1.2 6/01/98 ([email protected])
+
+ The "ifconfig" command should show two new interfaces, ppp0 and cm0.
+
+ The command "cmconfig cm0" will give you information about the cable modem
+ interface.
+
+10. Try pinging a site via ``ping -c 5 http://www.yahoo.com``, for example. You should
+ see packets received.
+
+11. If you can't get site names (like http://www.yahoo.com) to resolve into
+ IP addresses (like 204.71.200.67), be sure your /etc/resolv.conf file
+ has no syntax errors and has the right nameserver IP addresses in it.
+ If this doesn't help, try something like ``ping -c 5 204.71.200.67`` to
+ see if the networking is running but the DNS resolution is where the
+ problem lies.
+
+12. If you still have problems, go to the support web sites mentioned above
+ and read the information and documentation there.
+
+Common problems
+===============
+
+1. Packets go out on the ppp0 interface but don't come back on the cm0
+ interface. It looks like I'm connected but I can't even ping any
+ numerical IP addresses. (This happens predominantly on Debian systems due
+ to a default boot-time configuration script.)
+
+Solution
+ As root ``echo 0 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/cm0/rp_filter`` so it
+ can share the same IP address as the ppp0 interface. Note that this
+ command should probably be added to the /etc/ppp/cablemodem script
+ *right*between* the "/sbin/ifconfig" and "/sbin/cmconfig" commands.
+ You may need to do this to /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/ppp0/rp_filter as well.
+ If you do this to /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/default/rp_filter on each reboot
+ (in rc.local or some such) then any interfaces can share the same IP
+ addresses.
+
+2. I get "unresolved symbol" error messages on executing ``insmod sb1000.o``.
+
+Solution
+ You probably have a non-matching kernel source tree and
+ /usr/include/linux and /usr/include/asm header files. Make sure you
+ install the correct versions of the header files in these two directories.
+ Then rebuild and reinstall the kernel.
+
+3. When isapnp runs it reports an error, and my SB1000 card isn't working.
+
+Solution
+ There's a problem with later versions of isapnp using the "(CHECK)"
+ option in the lines that allocate the two I/O addresses for the SB1000 card.
+ This first popped up on RH 6.0. Delete "(CHECK)" for the SB1000 I/O addresses.
+ Make sure they don't conflict with any other pieces of hardware first! Then
+ rerun isapnp and go from there.
+
+4. I can't execute the /etc/ppp/[email protected] file.
+
+Solution
+ As root do ``chmod ug+x /etc/ppp/[email protected]``.
+
+5. The firewall script isn't working (with 2.2.x and higher kernels).
+
+Solution
+ Use the ipfwadm2ipchains script referenced above to convert the
+ /etc/ppp/firewall script from the deprecated ipfwadm commands to ipchains.
+
+6. I'm getting *tons* of firewall deny messages in the /var/kern.log,
+ /var/messages, and/or /var/syslog files, and they're filling up my /var
+ partition!!!
+
+Solution
+ First, tell your ISP that you're receiving DoS (Denial of Service)
+ and/or portscanning (UDP connection attempts) attacks! Look over the deny
+ messages to figure out what the attack is and where it's coming from. Next,
+ edit /etc/ppp/cablemodem and make sure the ",nobroadcast" option is turned on
+ to the "cmconfig" command (uncomment that line). If you're not receiving these
+ denied packets on your broadcast interface (IP address xxx.yyy.zzz.255
+ typically), then someone is attacking your machine in particular. Be careful
+ out there....
+
+7. Everything seems to work fine but my computer locks up after a while
+ (and typically during a lengthy download through the cable modem)!
+
+Solution
+ You may need to add a short delay in the driver to 'slow down' the
+ SURFboard because your PC might not be able to keep up with the transfer rate
+ of the SB1000. To do this, it's probably best to download Franco's
+ sb1000-1.1.2.tar.gz archive and build and install sb1000.o manually. You'll
+ want to edit the 'Makefile' and look for the 'SB1000_DELAY'
+ define. Uncomment those 'CFLAGS' lines (and comment out the default ones)
+ and try setting the delay to something like 60 microseconds with:
+ '-DSB1000_DELAY=60'. Then do ``make`` and as root ``make install`` and try
+ it out. If it still doesn't work or you like playing with the driver, you may
+ try other numbers. Remember though that the higher the delay, the slower the
+ driver (which slows down the rest of the PC too when it is actively
+ used). Thanks to Ed Daiga for this tip!
+
+Credits
+=======
+
+This README came from Franco Venturi's original README file which is
+still supplied with his driver .tar.gz archive. I and all other sb1000 users
+owe Franco a tremendous "Thank you!" Additional thanks goes to Carl Patten
+and Ralph Bonnell who are now managing the Linux SB1000 web site, and to
+the SB1000 users who reported and helped debug the common problems listed
+above.
+
+
+ Clemmitt Sigler
+ [email protected]
diff --git a/Documentation/networking/device_drivers/sb1000.txt b/Documentation/networking/device_drivers/sb1000.txt
deleted file mode 100644
index f92c2aac56a9..000000000000
--- a/Documentation/networking/device_drivers/sb1000.txt
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,207 +0,0 @@
-sb1000 is a module network device driver for the General Instrument (also known
-as NextLevel) SURFboard1000 internal cable modem board. This is an ISA card
-which is used by a number of cable TV companies to provide cable modem access.
-It's a one-way downstream-only cable modem, meaning that your upstream net link
-is provided by your regular phone modem.
-
-This driver was written by Franco Venturi <[email protected]>. He deserves
-a great deal of thanks for this wonderful piece of code!
-
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-
-Support for this device is now a part of the standard Linux kernel. The
-driver source code file is drivers/net/sb1000.c. In addition to this
-you will need:
-
-1.) The "cmconfig" program. This is a utility which supplements "ifconfig"
-to configure the cable modem and network interface (usually called "cm0");
-and
-
-2.) Several PPP scripts which live in /etc/ppp to make connecting via your
-cable modem easy.
-
- These utilities can be obtained from:
-
- http://www.jacksonville.net/~fventuri/
-
- in Franco's original source code distribution .tar.gz file. Support for
- the sb1000 driver can be found at:
-
- http://web.archive.org/web/*/http://home.adelphia.net/~siglercm/sb1000.html
- http://web.archive.org/web/*/http://linuxpower.cx/~cable/
-
- along with these utilities.
-
-3.) The standard isapnp tools. These are necessary to configure your SB1000
-card at boot time (or afterwards by hand) since it's a PnP card.
-
- If you don't have these installed as a standard part of your Linux
- distribution, you can find them at:
-
- http://www.roestock.demon.co.uk/isapnptools/
-
- or check your Linux distribution binary CD or their web site. For help with
- isapnp, pnpdump, or /etc/isapnp.conf, go to:
-
- http://www.roestock.demon.co.uk/isapnptools/isapnpfaq.html
-
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-
-To make the SB1000 card work, follow these steps:
-
-1.) Run `make config', or `make menuconfig', or `make xconfig', whichever
-you prefer, in the top kernel tree directory to set up your kernel
-configuration. Make sure to say "Y" to "Prompt for development drivers"
-and to say "M" to the sb1000 driver. Also say "Y" or "M" to all the standard
-networking questions to get TCP/IP and PPP networking support.
-
-2.) *BEFORE* you build the kernel, edit drivers/net/sb1000.c. Make sure
-to redefine the value of READ_DATA_PORT to match the I/O address used
-by isapnp to access your PnP cards. This is the value of READPORT in
-/etc/isapnp.conf or given by the output of pnpdump.
-
-3.) Build and install the kernel and modules as usual.
-
-4.) Boot your new kernel following the usual procedures.
-
-5.) Set up to configure the new SB1000 PnP card by capturing the output
-of "pnpdump" to a file and editing this file to set the correct I/O ports,
-IRQ, and DMA settings for all your PnP cards. Make sure none of the settings
-conflict with one another. Then test this configuration by running the
-"isapnp" command with your new config file as the input. Check for
-errors and fix as necessary. (As an aside, I use I/O ports 0x110 and
-0x310 and IRQ 11 for my SB1000 card and these work well for me. YMMV.)
-Then save the finished config file as /etc/isapnp.conf for proper configuration
-on subsequent reboots.
-
-6.) Download the original file sb1000-1.1.2.tar.gz from Franco's site or one of
-the others referenced above. As root, unpack it into a temporary directory and
-do a `make cmconfig' and then `install -c cmconfig /usr/local/sbin'. Don't do
-`make install' because it expects to find all the utilities built and ready for
-installation, not just cmconfig.
-
-7.) As root, copy all the files under the ppp/ subdirectory in Franco's
-tar file into /etc/ppp, being careful not to overwrite any files that are
-already in there. Then modify [email protected] to set the correct login name,
-phone number, and frequency for the cable modem. Also edit pap-secrets
-to specify your login name and password and any site-specific information
-you need.
-
-8.) Be sure to modify /etc/ppp/firewall to use ipchains instead of
-the older ipfwadm commands from the 2.0.x kernels. There's a neat utility to
-convert ipfwadm commands to ipchains commands:
-
- http://users.dhp.com/~whisper/ipfwadm2ipchains/
-
-You may also wish to modify the firewall script to implement a different
-firewalling scheme.
-
-9.) Start the PPP connection via the script /etc/ppp/[email protected] You must be
-root to do this. It's better to use a utility like sudo to execute
-frequently used commands like this with root permissions if possible. If you
-connect successfully the cable modem interface will come up and you'll see a
-driver message like this at the console:
-
- cm0: sb1000 at (0x110,0x310), csn 1, S/N 0x2a0d16d8, IRQ 11.
- sb1000.c:v1.1.2 6/01/98 ([email protected])
-
-The "ifconfig" command should show two new interfaces, ppp0 and cm0.
-The command "cmconfig cm0" will give you information about the cable modem
-interface.
-
-10.) Try pinging a site via `ping -c 5 http://www.yahoo.com', for example. You should
-see packets received.
-
-11.) If you can't get site names (like http://www.yahoo.com) to resolve into
-IP addresses (like 204.71.200.67), be sure your /etc/resolv.conf file
-has no syntax errors and has the right nameserver IP addresses in it.
-If this doesn't help, try something like `ping -c 5 204.71.200.67' to
-see if the networking is running but the DNS resolution is where the
-problem lies.
-
-12.) If you still have problems, go to the support web sites mentioned above
-and read the information and documentation there.
-
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-
-Common problems:
-
-1.) Packets go out on the ppp0 interface but don't come back on the cm0
-interface. It looks like I'm connected but I can't even ping any
-numerical IP addresses. (This happens predominantly on Debian systems due
-to a default boot-time configuration script.)
-
-Solution -- As root `echo 0 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/cm0/rp_filter' so it
-can share the same IP address as the ppp0 interface. Note that this
-command should probably be added to the /etc/ppp/cablemodem script
-*right*between* the "/sbin/ifconfig" and "/sbin/cmconfig" commands.
-You may need to do this to /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/ppp0/rp_filter as well.
-If you do this to /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/default/rp_filter on each reboot
-(in rc.local or some such) then any interfaces can share the same IP
-addresses.
-
-2.) I get "unresolved symbol" error messages on executing `insmod sb1000.o'.
-
-Solution -- You probably have a non-matching kernel source tree and
-/usr/include/linux and /usr/include/asm header files. Make sure you
-install the correct versions of the header files in these two directories.
-Then rebuild and reinstall the kernel.
-
-3.) When isapnp runs it reports an error, and my SB1000 card isn't working.
-
-Solution -- There's a problem with later versions of isapnp using the "(CHECK)"
-option in the lines that allocate the two I/O addresses for the SB1000 card.
-This first popped up on RH 6.0. Delete "(CHECK)" for the SB1000 I/O addresses.
-Make sure they don't conflict with any other pieces of hardware first! Then
-rerun isapnp and go from there.
-
-4.) I can't execute the /etc/ppp/[email protected] file.
-
-Solution -- As root do `chmod ug+x /etc/ppp/[email protected]'.
-
-5.) The firewall script isn't working (with 2.2.x and higher kernels).
-
-Solution -- Use the ipfwadm2ipchains script referenced above to convert the
-/etc/ppp/firewall script from the deprecated ipfwadm commands to ipchains.
-
-6.) I'm getting *tons* of firewall deny messages in the /var/kern.log,
-/var/messages, and/or /var/syslog files, and they're filling up my /var
-partition!!!
-
-Solution -- First, tell your ISP that you're receiving DoS (Denial of Service)
-and/or portscanning (UDP connection attempts) attacks! Look over the deny
-messages to figure out what the attack is and where it's coming from. Next,
-edit /etc/ppp/cablemodem and make sure the ",nobroadcast" option is turned on
-to the "cmconfig" command (uncomment that line). If you're not receiving these
-denied packets on your broadcast interface (IP address xxx.yyy.zzz.255
-typically), then someone is attacking your machine in particular. Be careful
-out there....
-
-7.) Everything seems to work fine but my computer locks up after a while
-(and typically during a lengthy download through the cable modem)!
-
-Solution -- You may need to add a short delay in the driver to 'slow down' the
-SURFboard because your PC might not be able to keep up with the transfer rate
-of the SB1000. To do this, it's probably best to download Franco's
-sb1000-1.1.2.tar.gz archive and build and install sb1000.o manually. You'll
-want to edit the 'Makefile' and look for the 'SB1000_DELAY'
-define. Uncomment those 'CFLAGS' lines (and comment out the default ones)
-and try setting the delay to something like 60 microseconds with:
-'-DSB1000_DELAY=60'. Then do `make' and as root `make install' and try
-it out. If it still doesn't work or you like playing with the driver, you may
-try other numbers. Remember though that the higher the delay, the slower the
-driver (which slows down the rest of the PC too when it is actively
-used). Thanks to Ed Daiga for this tip!
-
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-
-Credits: This README came from Franco Venturi's original README file which is
-still supplied with his driver .tar.gz archive. I and all other sb1000 users
-owe Franco a tremendous "Thank you!" Additional thanks goes to Carl Patten
-and Ralph Bonnell who are now managing the Linux SB1000 web site, and to
-the SB1000 users who reported and helped debug the common problems listed
-above.
-
-
- Clemmitt Sigler
- [email protected]
diff --git a/drivers/net/Kconfig b/drivers/net/Kconfig
index 3f2c98a7906c..c7d310ef1c83 100644
--- a/drivers/net/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/net/Kconfig
@@ -460,7 +460,7 @@ config NET_SB1000

At present this driver only compiles as a module, so say M here if
you have this card. The module will be called sb1000. Then read
- <file:Documentation/networking/device_drivers/sb1000.txt> for
+ <file:Documentation/networking/device_drivers/sb1000.rst> for
information on how to use this module, as it needs special ppp
scripts for establishing a connection. Further documentation
and the necessary scripts can be found at:
--
2.25.4