2021-02-23 05:58:09

by Oleksij Rempel

[permalink] [raw]
Subject: [PATCH net v2 2/2] can: fix ref count warning if socket was closed before skb was cloned

There are two ref count variables controlling the free()ing of a socket:
- struct sock::sk_refcnt - which is changed by sock_hold()/sock_put()
- struct sock::sk_wmem_alloc - which accounts the memory allocated by
the skbs in the send path.

If the socket is closed the struct sock::sk_refcnt will finally reach 0
and sk_free() is called. Which then calls
refcount_dec_and_test(&sk->sk_wmem_alloc). If sk_wmem_alloc reaches 0
the socket is actually free()ed.

In case there are still TX skbs on the fly and the socket() is closed,
the struct sock::sk_refcnt reaches 0. In the TX-path the CAN stack
clones an "echo" skb, calls sock_hold() on the original socket and
references it. This produces the following back trace:

| WARNING: CPU: 0 PID: 280 at lib/refcount.c:25 refcount_warn_saturate+0x114/0x134
| refcount_t: addition on 0; use-after-free.
| Modules linked in: coda_vpu(E) v4l2_jpeg(E) videobuf2_vmalloc(E) imx_vdoa(E)
| CPU: 0 PID: 280 Comm: test_can.sh Tainted: G E 5.11.0-04577-gf8ff6603c617 #203
| Hardware name: Freescale i.MX6 Quad/DualLite (Device Tree)
| Backtrace:
| [<80bafea4>] (dump_backtrace) from [<80bb0280>] (show_stack+0x20/0x24) r7:00000000 r6:600f0113 r5:00000000 r4:81441220
| [<80bb0260>] (show_stack) from [<80bb593c>] (dump_stack+0xa0/0xc8)
| [<80bb589c>] (dump_stack) from [<8012b268>] (__warn+0xd4/0x114) r9:00000019 r8:80f4a8c2 r7:83e4150c r6:00000000 r5:00000009 r4:80528f90
| [<8012b194>] (__warn) from [<80bb09c4>] (warn_slowpath_fmt+0x88/0xc8) r9:83f26400 r8:80f4a8d1 r7:00000009 r6:80528f90 r5:00000019 r4:80f4a8c2
| [<80bb0940>] (warn_slowpath_fmt) from [<80528f90>] (refcount_warn_saturate+0x114/0x134) r8:00000000 r7:00000000 r6:82b44000 r5:834e5600 r4:83f4d540
| [<80528e7c>] (refcount_warn_saturate) from [<8079a4c8>] (__refcount_add.constprop.0+0x4c/0x50)
| [<8079a47c>] (__refcount_add.constprop.0) from [<8079a57c>] (can_put_echo_skb+0xb0/0x13c)
| [<8079a4cc>] (can_put_echo_skb) from [<8079ba98>] (flexcan_start_xmit+0x1c4/0x230) r9:00000010 r8:83f48610 r7:0fdc0000 r6:0c080000 r5:82b44000 r4:834e5600
| [<8079b8d4>] (flexcan_start_xmit) from [<80969078>] (netdev_start_xmit+0x44/0x70) r9:814c0ba0 r8:80c8790c r7:00000000 r6:834e5600 r5:82b44000 r4:82ab1f00
| [<80969034>] (netdev_start_xmit) from [<809725a4>] (dev_hard_start_xmit+0x19c/0x318) r9:814c0ba0 r8:00000000 r7:82ab1f00 r6:82b44000 r5:00000000 r4:834e5600
| [<80972408>] (dev_hard_start_xmit) from [<809c6584>] (sch_direct_xmit+0xcc/0x264) r10:834e5600 r9:00000000 r8:00000000 r7:82b44000 r6:82ab1f00 r5:834e5600 r4:83f27400
| [<809c64b8>] (sch_direct_xmit) from [<809c6c0c>] (__qdisc_run+0x4f0/0x534)

To fix this problem, we have to take into account, that the socket
technically still there but should not used (by any new skbs) any more.
The function skb_clone_sk_optional() (introduced in the previous patch)
takes care of this. It will only clone the skb, if the sk is set and the
refcount has not reached 0.

Cc: Oliver Hartkopp <[email protected]hartkopp.net>
Cc: Andre Naujoks <[email protected]>
Cc: Eric Dumazet <[email protected]>
Fixes: 0ae89beb283a ("can: add destructor for self generated skbs")
Signed-off-by: Oleksij Rempel <[email protected]>
---
include/linux/can/skb.h | 3 +--
net/can/af_can.c | 6 +++---
net/can/j1939/main.c | 3 +--
net/can/j1939/socket.c | 3 +--
net/can/j1939/transport.c | 4 +---
5 files changed, 7 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/can/skb.h b/include/linux/can/skb.h
index 685f34cfba20..bc1af38697a2 100644
--- a/include/linux/can/skb.h
+++ b/include/linux/can/skb.h
@@ -79,13 +79,12 @@ static inline struct sk_buff *can_create_echo_skb(struct sk_buff *skb)
{
struct sk_buff *nskb;

- nskb = skb_clone(skb, GFP_ATOMIC);
+ nskb = skb_clone_sk_optional(skb);
if (unlikely(!nskb)) {
kfree_skb(skb);
return NULL;
}

- can_skb_set_owner(nskb, skb->sk);
consume_skb(skb);
return nskb;
}
diff --git a/net/can/af_can.c b/net/can/af_can.c
index cce2af10eb3e..9e1bd60e7e1b 100644
--- a/net/can/af_can.c
+++ b/net/can/af_can.c
@@ -251,20 +251,20 @@ int can_send(struct sk_buff *skb, int loop)
* its own. Example: can_raw sockopt CAN_RAW_RECV_OWN_MSGS
* Therefore we have to ensure that skb->sk remains the
* reference to the originating sock by restoring skb->sk
- * after each skb_clone() or skb_orphan() usage.
+ * after each skb_clone() or skb_orphan() usage -
+ * skb_clone_sk_optional() takes care of that.
*/

if (!(skb->dev->flags & IFF_ECHO)) {
/* If the interface is not capable to do loopback
* itself, we do it here.
*/
- newskb = skb_clone(skb, GFP_ATOMIC);
+ newskb = skb_clone_sk_optional(skb);
if (!newskb) {
kfree_skb(skb);
return -ENOMEM;
}

- can_skb_set_owner(newskb, skb->sk);
newskb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY;
newskb->pkt_type = PACKET_BROADCAST;
}
diff --git a/net/can/j1939/main.c b/net/can/j1939/main.c
index da3a7a7bcff2..4f6852d48077 100644
--- a/net/can/j1939/main.c
+++ b/net/can/j1939/main.c
@@ -47,12 +47,11 @@ static void j1939_can_recv(struct sk_buff *iskb, void *data)
* the header goes into sockaddr.
* j1939 may not touch the incoming skb in such way
*/
- skb = skb_clone(iskb, GFP_ATOMIC);
+ skb = skb_clone_sk_optional(iskb);
if (!skb)
return;

j1939_priv_get(priv);
- can_skb_set_owner(skb, iskb->sk);

/* get a pointer to the header of the skb
* the skb payload (pointer) is moved, so that the next skb_data
diff --git a/net/can/j1939/socket.c b/net/can/j1939/socket.c
index 4e4a510d82f9..c1be6c26ff76 100644
--- a/net/can/j1939/socket.c
+++ b/net/can/j1939/socket.c
@@ -305,12 +305,11 @@ static void j1939_sk_recv_one(struct j1939_sock *jsk, struct sk_buff *oskb)
if (!j1939_sk_recv_match_one(jsk, oskcb))
return;

- skb = skb_clone(oskb, GFP_ATOMIC);
+ skb = skb_clone_sk_optional(oskb);
if (!skb) {
pr_warn("skb clone failed\n");
return;
}
- can_skb_set_owner(skb, oskb->sk);

skcb = j1939_skb_to_cb(skb);
skcb->msg_flags &= ~(MSG_DONTROUTE);
diff --git a/net/can/j1939/transport.c b/net/can/j1939/transport.c
index e09d087ba240..e902557bbe17 100644
--- a/net/can/j1939/transport.c
+++ b/net/can/j1939/transport.c
@@ -1014,12 +1014,10 @@ static int j1939_simple_txnext(struct j1939_session *session)
if (!se_skb)
return 0;

- skb = skb_clone(se_skb, GFP_ATOMIC);
+ skb = skb_clone_sk_optional(se_skb);
if (!skb)
return -ENOMEM;

- can_skb_set_owner(skb, se_skb->sk);
-
j1939_tp_set_rxtimeout(session, J1939_SIMPLE_ECHO_TIMEOUT_MS);

ret = j1939_send_one(priv, skb);
--
2.29.2


2021-02-23 09:29:05

by Eric Dumazet

[permalink] [raw]
Subject: Re: [PATCH net v2 2/2] can: fix ref count warning if socket was closed before skb was cloned

On Tue, Feb 23, 2021 at 6:53 AM Oleksij Rempel <[email protected]> wrote:
>
> There are two ref count variables controlling the free()ing of a socket:
> - struct sock::sk_refcnt - which is changed by sock_hold()/sock_put()
> - struct sock::sk_wmem_alloc - which accounts the memory allocated by
> the skbs in the send path.
>
> If the socket is closed the struct sock::sk_refcnt will finally reach 0
> and sk_free() is called. Which then calls
> refcount_dec_and_test(&sk->sk_wmem_alloc). If sk_wmem_alloc reaches 0
> the socket is actually free()ed.
>
> In case there are still TX skbs on the fly and the socket() is closed,
> the struct sock::sk_refcnt reaches 0. In the TX-path the CAN stack
> clones an "echo" skb, calls sock_hold() on the original socket and
> references it. This produces the following back trace:

Why not simply fix can_skb_set_owner() instead of adding yet another helper ?

diff --git a/include/linux/can/skb.h b/include/linux/can/skb.h
index 685f34cfba20741d372d340fe7df1084767b2850..655f33aa99e330b8ffc804b0f3a1d61aa9b00b0b
100644
--- a/include/linux/can/skb.h
+++ b/include/linux/can/skb.h
@@ -65,8 +65,7 @@ static inline void can_skb_reserve(struct sk_buff *skb)

static inline void can_skb_set_owner(struct sk_buff *skb, struct sock *sk)
{
- if (sk) {
- sock_hold(sk);
+ if (sk && refcount_inc_not_zero(&sk->sk_refcnt)) {
skb->destructor = sock_efree;
skb->sk = sk;
}

IMO, CAN seems to use sock_hold() even for tx packets.

But tx packets usually have a reference on sockets based on sk->sk_wmem_alloc ,
look at skb_set_owner_w() for reference.

This might be the reason why you catch a zero sk_refcnt while packets
are still in flight ?



> | WARNING: CPU: 0 PID: 280 at lib/refcount.c:25 refcount_warn_saturate+0x114/0x134
> | refcount_t: addition on 0; use-after-free.
> | Modules linked in: coda_vpu(E) v4l2_jpeg(E) videobuf2_vmalloc(E) imx_vdoa(E)
> | CPU: 0 PID: 280 Comm: test_can.sh Tainted: G E 5.11.0-04577-gf8ff6603c617 #203
> | Hardware name: Freescale i.MX6 Quad/DualLite (Device Tree)
> | Backtrace:
> | [<80bafea4>] (dump_backtrace) from [<80bb0280>] (show_stack+0x20/0x24) r7:00000000 r6:600f0113 r5:00000000 r4:81441220
> | [<80bb0260>] (show_stack) from [<80bb593c>] (dump_stack+0xa0/0xc8)
> | [<80bb589c>] (dump_stack) from [<8012b268>] (__warn+0xd4/0x114) r9:00000019 r8:80f4a8c2 r7:83e4150c r6:00000000 r5:00000009 r4:80528f90
> | [<8012b194>] (__warn) from [<80bb09c4>] (warn_slowpath_fmt+0x88/0xc8) r9:83f26400 r8:80f4a8d1 r7:00000009 r6:80528f90 r5:00000019 r4:80f4a8c2
> | [<80bb0940>] (warn_slowpath_fmt) from [<80528f90>] (refcount_warn_saturate+0x114/0x134) r8:00000000 r7:00000000 r6:82b44000 r5:834e5600 r4:83f4d540
> | [<80528e7c>] (refcount_warn_saturate) from [<8079a4c8>] (__refcount_add.constprop.0+0x4c/0x50)
> | [<8079a47c>] (__refcount_add.constprop.0) from [<8079a57c>] (can_put_echo_skb+0xb0/0x13c)
> | [<8079a4cc>] (can_put_echo_skb) from [<8079ba98>] (flexcan_start_xmit+0x1c4/0x230) r9:00000010 r8:83f48610 r7:0fdc0000 r6:0c080000 r5:82b44000 r4:834e5600
> | [<8079b8d4>] (flexcan_start_xmit) from [<80969078>] (netdev_start_xmit+0x44/0x70) r9:814c0ba0 r8:80c8790c r7:00000000 r6:834e5600 r5:82b44000 r4:82ab1f00
> | [<80969034>] (netdev_start_xmit) from [<809725a4>] (dev_hard_start_xmit+0x19c/0x318) r9:814c0ba0 r8:00000000 r7:82ab1f00 r6:82b44000 r5:00000000 r4:834e5600
> | [<80972408>] (dev_hard_start_xmit) from [<809c6584>] (sch_direct_xmit+0xcc/0x264) r10:834e5600 r9:00000000 r8:00000000 r7:82b44000 r6:82ab1f00 r5:834e5600 r4:83f27400
> | [<809c64b8>] (sch_direct_xmit) from [<809c6c0c>] (__qdisc_run+0x4f0/0x534)
>
> To fix this problem, we have to take into account, that the socket
> technically still there but should not used (by any new skbs) any more.
> The function skb_clone_sk_optional() (introduced in the previous patch)
> takes care of this. It will only clone the skb, if the sk is set and the
> refcount has not reached 0.
>
> Cc: Oliver Hartkopp <[email protected]>
> Cc: Andre Naujoks <[email protected]>
> Cc: Eric Dumazet <[email protected]>
> Fixes: 0ae89beb283a ("can: add destructor for self generated skbs")
> Signed-off-by: Oleksij Rempel <[email protected]>
> ---
> include/linux/can/skb.h | 3 +--
> net/can/af_can.c | 6 +++---
> net/can/j1939/main.c | 3 +--
> net/can/j1939/socket.c | 3 +--
> net/can/j1939/transport.c | 4 +---
> 5 files changed, 7 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/include/linux/can/skb.h b/include/linux/can/skb.h
> index 685f34cfba20..bc1af38697a2 100644
> --- a/include/linux/can/skb.h
> +++ b/include/linux/can/skb.h
> @@ -79,13 +79,12 @@ static inline struct sk_buff *can_create_echo_skb(struct sk_buff *skb)
> {
> struct sk_buff *nskb;
>
> - nskb = skb_clone(skb, GFP_ATOMIC);
> + nskb = skb_clone_sk_optional(skb);
> if (unlikely(!nskb)) {
> kfree_skb(skb);
> return NULL;
> }
>
> - can_skb_set_owner(nskb, skb->sk);
> consume_skb(skb);
> return nskb;
> }
> diff --git a/net/can/af_can.c b/net/can/af_can.c
> index cce2af10eb3e..9e1bd60e7e1b 100644
> --- a/net/can/af_can.c
> +++ b/net/can/af_can.c
> @@ -251,20 +251,20 @@ int can_send(struct sk_buff *skb, int loop)
> * its own. Example: can_raw sockopt CAN_RAW_RECV_OWN_MSGS
> * Therefore we have to ensure that skb->sk remains the
> * reference to the originating sock by restoring skb->sk
> - * after each skb_clone() or skb_orphan() usage.
> + * after each skb_clone() or skb_orphan() usage -
> + * skb_clone_sk_optional() takes care of that.
> */
>
> if (!(skb->dev->flags & IFF_ECHO)) {
> /* If the interface is not capable to do loopback
> * itself, we do it here.
> */
> - newskb = skb_clone(skb, GFP_ATOMIC);
> + newskb = skb_clone_sk_optional(skb);
> if (!newskb) {
> kfree_skb(skb);
> return -ENOMEM;
> }
>
> - can_skb_set_owner(newskb, skb->sk);
> newskb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY;
> newskb->pkt_type = PACKET_BROADCAST;
> }
> diff --git a/net/can/j1939/main.c b/net/can/j1939/main.c
> index da3a7a7bcff2..4f6852d48077 100644
> --- a/net/can/j1939/main.c
> +++ b/net/can/j1939/main.c
> @@ -47,12 +47,11 @@ static void j1939_can_recv(struct sk_buff *iskb, void *data)
> * the header goes into sockaddr.
> * j1939 may not touch the incoming skb in such way
> */
> - skb = skb_clone(iskb, GFP_ATOMIC);
> + skb = skb_clone_sk_optional(iskb);
> if (!skb)
> return;
>
> j1939_priv_get(priv);
> - can_skb_set_owner(skb, iskb->sk);
>
> /* get a pointer to the header of the skb
> * the skb payload (pointer) is moved, so that the next skb_data
> diff --git a/net/can/j1939/socket.c b/net/can/j1939/socket.c
> index 4e4a510d82f9..c1be6c26ff76 100644
> --- a/net/can/j1939/socket.c
> +++ b/net/can/j1939/socket.c
> @@ -305,12 +305,11 @@ static void j1939_sk_recv_one(struct j1939_sock *jsk, struct sk_buff *oskb)
> if (!j1939_sk_recv_match_one(jsk, oskcb))
> return;
>
> - skb = skb_clone(oskb, GFP_ATOMIC);
> + skb = skb_clone_sk_optional(oskb);
> if (!skb) {
> pr_warn("skb clone failed\n");
> return;
> }
> - can_skb_set_owner(skb, oskb->sk);
>
> skcb = j1939_skb_to_cb(skb);
> skcb->msg_flags &= ~(MSG_DONTROUTE);
> diff --git a/net/can/j1939/transport.c b/net/can/j1939/transport.c
> index e09d087ba240..e902557bbe17 100644
> --- a/net/can/j1939/transport.c
> +++ b/net/can/j1939/transport.c
> @@ -1014,12 +1014,10 @@ static int j1939_simple_txnext(struct j1939_session *session)
> if (!se_skb)
> return 0;
>
> - skb = skb_clone(se_skb, GFP_ATOMIC);
> + skb = skb_clone_sk_optional(se_skb);
> if (!skb)
> return -ENOMEM;
>
> - can_skb_set_owner(skb, se_skb->sk);
> -
> j1939_tp_set_rxtimeout(session, J1939_SIMPLE_ECHO_TIMEOUT_MS);
>
> ret = j1939_send_one(priv, skb);
> --
> 2.29.2
>